DMDS (Dimethyl Disulfide) is a new molecule naturally found in alliums and it is used as a flavor agent in food. It’s mode of action is the inhibition of the mitochondrial function by blocking the cytochrome oxidase activity.
Since DMDS contains no halogens, the ozone depletion potential (ODP) is zero in comparison with methyl bromide (MB) which is 0.4 and therefore is considered safe for the atmosphere.
All the related studies showed that DMDS is not mutagenic, cytotoxic or teratogenic and consequently does not have any side effects on human beings.
DMDS has a wide spectrum of use. It could act mainly as nematicide and also as fungicide and herbicide.
DMDS could be applied in shank and drip irrigation using specific tools and precise calculations.
Based on the above DMDS is a viable replacement for Methyl Bromide (MB) and definitely a promising alternative.